Stardew Valley

Stardew Valley

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What to Plant: Season by Season
By Dekker
This guide will teach you what to plant season by season, based on your goal: speed, price, and worth.
Hello, welcome to my guide for planting! Here i have compiled all the prices and costs and total season value for the best crops to plant for their price, worth, and speed. [The amounts in this guide are based off the assumption you planted this crop the maximum times, ex. 1 Parsnip can be planted 6 times total over 24 days. In addition, when i refer to maximum value on multiple harvest crops, it is only assumed you got an extra 1 item for every harvest.]

    • Wealth Crops

      Wealth crops are slow to grow and expensive, but earn you the most in the long run.

    • Cheap Crops

      Cheap crops won't cost you much, but they give you little. Not suggested past year 1 for spring.

    • Speed Crops

      Speed crops will grow fast, and give you your hard earned g faster, though not always the best, some can be incredibly worthwhile.
    Topics not Covered
    • Modifiers (ex. Speed-Gro)
      I do not cover these simply because they add too many vairables. Just apply them to the crops you wish to plant. This also includes most fermentation, as you can quickly add up the amount yourself: When put in preserves; [2 * Crop + 50] For juice: [2.25 * Vegtable] For wine: [3 * Fruit]. Specific fermented items such as mead, will be put in when needed.

    • Trees, Ancient Fruit, Sweet Gem Berry
      I do not tend to plant any of these, (excluding trees) and I believe there are more worthwhile things to plant, however ancient fruit are great for fermentation, provided they are grown in the greenhouse with speed modifiers.

    • Animals, Foraging
      I do not cover these in this guide for obvious reasons, as they are not purely farmable objects. (I suggest just foraging everything.)

I hope this guide prooves useful to you!
As Spring is the first season you start in, I consider it to be a very important season. For starters, i suggest going a cheap route this spring, and perhaps a wealth route next seasons.

Year 1
    Wealth Crops
    • Cauliflower
      Though only able to produce 2 per season, these plants with earn you 190g per crop. Note if these crops are planted in a 3x3 area, they have a chance to form a giant crop, yielding you up to 3 times the cauliflower.

    • Green Beans
      Though green beans can earn you more than cauliflower, they can also earn a lot less. they will
      earn you 100g total, but you will also gain an additional 40g for every extra you obtain, bringing you to a maximum of 340g.

    • Potatoes
      If you're feeling more lucky than jsut going for green beans, then go potatoes. They will earn you at least 120g, and up to a maximum of 360g.

    Cheap Crops
    • Garlic
      Not only is garlic cheap, but it's fast, and produces a nice sum of cash. these tasty plants will earn you 120g.

    • Parsnip
      The cheapest of all plants, but almsot one of the most worthless. they will earn you a total of 90g.
    Speed Crops
    • Green Beans
      Though green beans take 10 days to grow, they produce fruit every 3 days, granting you 6 harvest. They wil earn you a maximum* of 340g.

      *Check Green Beans in Wealth Crops for additional information.
Year 2
    In year 2 there are some slight modifications. If you wish to plant, make sure you obtain the seeds before Spring starts for maximum yield.
    Wealth Crops
      These modifications are in addition to year 1.
    • Rhubarb
      Rhubarb is an incredibly expensive crop (100g) obtained at the Oasis. though it maybe be expensive, it earns you more than cauliflower, at 240g. If you lack the ability to travel to the Oasis, cauliflower is a viable replacement for rhubarb. Also keep in mind the cost to travel here, which is 500g.

    • Strawberries
      Strawberries can be obtained at the Egg Festival, which is why they have been placed in Year 2, otherwise they are not as great. These will earn you 100g, but will earn you 120g for every extra earning you a maximum of 700g, easily being one of the best crops in the game.

    • Coffee Beans
      Coffee beans are aquired through the Traveling Cart* and Dust Sprites. They produce 4 beans, and sell for a total of 420, though making them into coffee will double their worth.

      *Never buy from traveling cart, unless found for 150g or less, they can cost up to 2500g there!
    Speed Crops
    • Garlic
      As previously mentioned, garlic is fast, relativly cheap, and produces a moderate sum. They take 4 days to grow. and will give you 120g.
Summer's crops are mostly on the expensive side, which in turn makes them some of the most valuable. Make sure to rack up some cash in spring so you can go all out in summer!

Year 1
    Wealth Crops
    • Blueberries
      Blueberries are even better than red cabbage, producing 3 fruits per harvest earning a total of 520g.

    • Hot Peppers
      Hot peppers produce fast, are the cheapest summer crop (next to wheat), and can give you a huge profit up to 620g.
    Cheap Crops
    • Hot peppers
      As previously mentioned, hot pepper crops are one of the best summer crops. At the price of 40g per seed, these plants produce up to 620g.

    • Radishes
      Radish are a fairly cheap, but somewhat slow crop. They cost 40g, and will earn you 200g.

    • Tomatos
      A benefit of these multiple harvest crops is their sell price is over their seed price. They will cost you 50g per seed, and earn you up to 550g.
    Speed Crops
    • Hops
      These magnificent plants will take awhile to grow, but will then produce everyday for a total of 17 harvests. They will earn you 365g on their own, but if turned into pale ale, they will earn you a whopping 5040g!

    • Hot Peppers
      Hot peppers will produce 8 times, earning you up to 620g.*

      * for additional information check Wealth Crops and Cheap Crops.

Year 2
    Wealth Crops
    These crops are in addition to those previously listed.
    • Starfruit
      Though starfruit has a monstrous price of 400g, it more than pays for itself by earning you 700g!

    • Red Cabbage
      Red cabbage is one of the best crops in summer, being worth 1.5x the worth of melons at 480g.

As Fall is right before Winter, the season of dead crops, I believe it is the most important, as you gotta rack up some extra cash to make it through the Winter. Unless you have animals of course.

Year 1
    Wealth Crops
    • Cranberry
      Though the price is high, the payout is big. these seeds may cost 240g, but they earn you 510g, being the best normal fall crop. They will produce 2 fruits per gather at the price of 75g per.

    • Pumpkin
      Like cauliflower and melon, pumpkin is an expensive crop that earns you good money, and has the potential to form a big crop when planted 3x3 and as much as triple your yield. Pumpkins will earn you 440g under normal circumstances.
    Cheap Crops
    • Eggplant
      For such a cheap price (20g), eggplants will earn you 280g.

    • Beets
      Though these are obtained at the oasis, it's certainly possible to obtain them in year 1. They cost 20g, and will earn you 320g. Grow these instead of eggplants if obtained.
    Speed Crops
    Unfortunatly for Fall, there arent many "speed" crops, and those that are aren't any good. Regardless, here is a list of semi-speed crops.
    • Cranberry
      Though pricey as previously mentioned, these plants will produce twice 5 times in a season, earning you 510g.

    • Grapes
      Grapes can also foraged and grown, but you'll definetly get a larger quantity when growing them. These will grow 6 times, earning you 420g.

Year 2
    Cheap Crops
      Year 2 excludes eggplants, and includes beets.
    • Artichoke
      Artichokes are slow but cheap, costing you very little at 30g per seed, and earning you a good 390g.
As you see there are many crops to choose from each season, though all are mostly the same in their category. I provided you with multiples for decoration and choice, although most do have differing stats, such as 10g or so.

I do hope you enjoyed this guide and found it to be useful, (took me quite a long time!) If you have any suggestions, noticed any mistakes, or simply just want to say something nice, pleas do leave a comment! I hope you guys have a great rest of the day, and enjoy some Stardew Valley, earning the most possible thanks to this guide!
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LordEpic448 Jan 8, 2021 @ 8:09am 
THnx for the guide
Dekker  [author] Oct 30, 2020 @ 5:50pm 
A third note, I wasn't particularly clear, but every value listed there is the total value of 1 tile of land in an entire season, already subtracting costs.
Dekker  [author] Oct 30, 2020 @ 5:36pm 
Also, by the time you get garlic, if you're looking to get mega profits, you should be making high value crop wines, such as starfruit and rhubarb.
Dekker  [author] Oct 30, 2020 @ 5:34pm 
When I wrote this, I believe all price calculations took into account growth time, sell price, and seed price. I know at least I calculated sell to buy. Also, keep in mind I wrote this almost 3 years ago now and mechanics have undoubtedly changed.
Quad of Goldenrod Oct 26, 2020 @ 2:28pm 
Waiting a week or 2 for high value crops that cost a lot and won't bring in more then double isn't worth it when you only get 2 harvest per season as the buy to sell ratio is worse and you get much fewer harvests so the total profit overall is a lot lower. I didn't even bother with farming different crops for the bundles until year 2 because I was so focused on getting as much done as I could in my first year so I would be ready for year 2.
Quad of Goldenrod Oct 26, 2020 @ 2:25pm 
I was also able to get both backpack upgrades, a coop with 4 chickens and a barn with 4 cows and a heater for each building. I did this entirely off of parsnips and wheat for my entire first year. For the second half of the day I would either fish or do the mines and made floor 45 in the mines by the start of winter and even after feeding and petting my animals each morning in the winter before going to the mine, I was able to reach floor 120 in the mine by the 16th of winter and I still did the events. In my second year I planted garlic in spring which cost 40g per seed and the garlic sells for 60g. 10 garlic can be combined with an oil from pierre for 200g to make oil of garlic which sells for 1000g. 10 garlic normally sell for 600g and the oil cost 200g so you make an extra 200g for off of every 10 garlic and it also takes 4 days to grow. This ends up being a better ratio then even parsnip.
Quad of Goldenrod Oct 26, 2020 @ 2:18pm 
The main to look at is the seed price vs sell price ratio. Wheat seeds cost 10g but wheat sells for 25g at regular quality without the tiller profession. That's 2 and a half times the value and they only take 4 days to grow. This means that if you plant a field of 300+ wheat crops you'll be making at least 7500g. That's before factoring in that some of them will be silver or gold star making even more and before taking into account that putting wheat into a keg will turn it into beer in 1 day which sells for 200g without the artisan profession. With your watering can upgraded to at least steel you can plant in a 5x5 grid and charge it to water 5 tiles at once then move horizontal and keep doing that. I was able to water a field of 320 wheat by 1pm every day doing this and was able to get married by my first fall which requires 10k g for the first house upgrade and another 5k g for the pendant to marry.
7Souls Oct 26, 2020 @ 7:15am 
Hey thanks for helping out! new to the game and this is very helpful to me!
Dekker  [author] Jul 5, 2018 @ 8:06pm 
ayy fixed
Dekker  [author] Jul 5, 2018 @ 8:04pm 
dang i messed up whoops