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Basic US Army Organization
This guide covers basic US Army organization and its potential use in Squad.
This guide covers basic US Army organizational structure and its potential use in Squad. This guide does not cover military units that are larger than the maximum size of a Squad team.
The largest military unit that can be effectively utilized in Squad is the Platoon. Platoons are composed of multiple squads. A typical 42 man US Army rifle platoon consists of three nine-man rifle squads, one nine-man weapons squad, a Platoon Leader (PL), usually a second lieutenant (2LT), and with a Platoon Sergeant (PSG), usually a Sergeant First Class (SFC, E-7) a radio-telephone operator (RTO), a platoon forward observer (FO), the FO's RTO and a platoon medic. Because the maximum size of a team in Squad is 36, there can be no officers on a Squad team. Therefore, the role of PL needs to be delegated to a Squad Leader. The other officer positions are unnecessary and can therefore be ignored. The PL is the ultimate commander of the team and should have knowledge in both tactics and strategy. The PL has all the responsibilities of a SL, plus the added responsibilities of keeping track of the other squads. This role is not for the faint of heart.
The most important military unit in Squad is, of course, the squad. A nine-man squad is composed of one Squad Leader (SL), usually a Staff Sergeant (SSG), and two four-man fireteams. It is the job of the SL to communicate with the other SLs and provide their squad with a place to spawn at all times. Depending on the roles that are taken on by each squad member, a squad can be geared for certain roles. Squads can be used for attack, defense, scouting, logistics, or transportation, just to name a few.
Possible organization of an attack squad:
Fireteam 1 (Attack)*
Team Leader/Grenadier Medic
Anti Tank Rifleman
Fireteam 2 (Support) *
Team Leader/Automatic Rifleman Medic
* Fireteams will be covered in the next section.
Each fireteam in the squad has a certain role to fulfill. In the example, Fireteam 1 should be used for taking objectives, clearing enemy FOBs, and destorying enemy vehicles while Fireteam 2 should be used to provide support to Fireteam 1 through suppressive fire and intelligence. An SL is free to choose which Fireteam they accompany in any given mission (ex. Fireteam 2 is holding down a FOB on a hill overlooking an objective held by the enemy. Staying with Fireteam 2 would allow the SL to expand the FOB as neccessary as Fireteam 1 pushes the enemy position).
A well balanced Platoon should have two attack squads, one defense squad, and one mechanized infantry squad (this squad type uses Humvees, transport and logistic trucks, and tanks). It should ultimately up to the PL to decide how many of each squad type is needed and which objectives each squad pursues during a match. It is up to each SL to organize their squad and lead them in pursuit of their objective. It is the responsibility of the Fireteam Leaders (TL) to carry out the orders of their SL.
In the US Army, each squad is comprised of two fireteams, each which their own TL, usually a Sergeant (SGT). Each fireteam can be further divided into pairs, often called buddies. A buddy structure is useful for certain tactical maneuvers, such as buddy bounding. In any given mission, the SL can choose to break up the two fireteams. In this case, the SL remains in direct command of the fireteam that they choose to accompany. The TL of the other fireteam becomes acting commander of their fireteam, but still takes orders form the SL through the Squad Radio (SR). TLs should get in the habit of using Local Chat (LC) to give orders to their fireteams and reserve the SR for communicating directly with the SL if not in LC range of the SL. TLs should also be more experienced than the rest of their fireteam.
As mentioned above, fireteams can be organized for certain roles within the squad. A fireteam can be outfitted to provide support through suppressive fire, logistics, intelligence or can be outfitted to attack enemy bases, destroy enemy vehicles, defend captured objectives, or scout enemy locations. Proper use of fireteams in an engagement with the enemy drastically increases the chances that a squad will complete its objective. If you are attacking an unfortified base, have one fireteam stay back and distract the enemy while the other suprises them from the flank. If your team is having a know problem with a sniper, have a scouting fireteam locate and resolve the problem.
The concept of a buddy is a simple one. A buddy is someone who watches your back in combat. Your buddy should always look where you are not looking. When moving through buildings, a buddy should be right by your side. The same can be said for crossing the street (while performing buddy bounding). If your buddy goes down during combat, it is your job to hold off the enemy with suppressive fire until a medic can get them up (if you are the medic, have the other pair of buddies in your fireteam provide the suppressive fire. If your buddy is the medic, the entire fireteam should fall back and regroup). Always playing with the same buddy is recommended.
In the attack squad example above, buddies are grouped together. In some cases, the grouping is strategical (i.e. marksman and scout make a great combination). It is also good to group the TL and the medic as buddies, and have them travel in the back while entering compounds or bounding. In any case, it is up to the SL to determine fireteam organization.
The smallest unit in US Army organization is the soldier. In short, no matter what role is being fullfilled, every member of your platoon is a soldier. In Squad, each soldier should be familiar with the controls of the game, how to use their particular role, and the rules and organization of their platoon. A successful soldier follows the orders of their superiors to the best of their ability. That is not to say that a soldier cannot question the motive of their superior's orders. However, it should be done so respectfully. It is quite possible that a PV2, for example, notices something that their SL of rank SSG has not. In that case, it is wise for the SL to acknowledge their subordinate.
I will continue to update this article as Squad's development continues. If you have any questions, feel free to ask.