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Much has been written about Operation Market Garden, normally following the exploits of the paratroopers, or trying to pin blame on why it failed. However as well as the air operations there was also a sizeable ground force, led by the Guards Armoured Division.

One officer in the Coldstreamers was Robert Boscawen; this account follows his part in Operation Garden, as the ground element of the operation was known. It is based largely upon his book "Armoured Guardsman" which covers his part in World War Two, and is well worth a read.

As the Coldstreamers were a follow on unit to the Irish Guards, they did not move out from their start positions until twenty four hours after the lead elements. Throughout the day all could be heard was a constant drone of aircraft ferrying troops to Operation Market.

When the Coldstreamers moved out, the first thing they had to do was drive past nine Irish Guards tanks that had been knocked out by German anti-tank guns. The ambush was within 100 yards of the Dutch border: despite the massive creeping bombardment, the Germans had been dug into a farm complex on the flank. This position was only silenced by some of the Typhoons from the seven squadrons deployed to cover the advance. From then on the Typhoons kept up constant coverage of the flanks of the advance, much to the appreciation of the Irish Guards.

For the next five days the Coldstreamers only had to contend with the deteriorating weather, however the main advance was running into trouble beyond the village of St Oedenode. German forces had launched a counter-attack into the flank of the Guards Armoured Division, the attack had reached the road and several trucks had been destroyed.

The first Robert Boscawen knew of this attack was when the road turned from a massive traffic jam to being utterly deserted. Peering into the driving rain the soldiers could not see far so quickly dug in with what they had: a few small arms with limited ammunition. Boscawen himself only had his revolver with six rounds. Further down the column, a 17-pounder gun was found, brought up and dug in. However, there were no shells. This scratch defence held on in the cold and wet, unable to light any fires for fear of attracting German attention. Even so the Germans sent a few mortar bombs in their direction.

The following day tanks and fighting troops arrived in the form of US Paratroopers and some Shermans. The Shermans were from the replacement squadron of the Coldstreamers, and so they were not a coherent unit and had no experience or preparations. The attack failed.

Finally the following day, after another stressful night, saw the arrival of the 7th Armoured Division whom had been widening the hole punched in the German lines by the Guards Armoured Division. The battle-hardened soldiers quickly re-opened the road and the advance could continue. However by now it was clear Operation Market had failed, so Operation Garden was suspended.

David “Listy” Lister
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