Creating this thread as a means of discussion about mysterious artifacts or relics. Purpose is to add on to or create more in depth lore for the game. -This thread may contain spoilers-
The current Wiki for Starbound planet descriptions:
"Planets are extraterrestrial, spherical, huge "rocks" which have a variety of features and inhabitants. In Starbound, these are practically worlds you can travel between in a Spaceship. Planets in Starbound are entirely procedurally generated and filled to the brim with unique content. Not only is the terrain of the planet procedurally generated, but also the weather, the gravity, the difficulty level, the plant life, the behavior and appearance of alien creatures, and much more. Some planets may have Fossils. Non-homeworld planets will most likely have "bookmarks" you can set." http://starbound.wikia.com/wiki/Planets
Regarding Playable races:
What have you found upon your journey so far? There is a magnifying glass in the UI you can use, which may give some clues. This is your area in which to post, thoerize, and suggest Starbound lore related ideas. I will try to update as discoveries progress. Thanks for your input!
Upon mining on some distant planet deep underground, I found something of interest. I forgot the planet's name and coordinates. Along with the statue and stone markers, there was a monolith with strange writing on it. Buried underneath the stone markers, there were other mysterious relics. http://steamcommunity.com/sharedfiles/filedetails/?id=202494479